HEREM

HEREM
HEREM
nomen viri. Esdr. c. 10. v. 31. Lat. anathemasive reticulum, vel dedicatum sc. Deo.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • ḤEREM — (Heb. חֵרֶם), the status of that which is separated from common use or contact either because it is proscribed as an abomination to God or because it is consecrated to Him (cf. Ar., ḥaruma, be forbidden, become sacred ; ḥaram, holy precinct ;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Herem — For the same Hebrew word, when used to mean a form of excommunication, see Cherem. Herem or cherem (Hebrew: חרם, ḥērem), as used in the Hebrew Bible, means ‘devote’ or ‘destroy’.[1] It is also referred to as the ban. The term has been explained… …   Wikipedia

  • Herem — Le herem (hébreu : חרם) ou cherem est la forme la plus sévère d exclusion de la communauté juive. Il s agit d une véritable mise au ban de la société juive, présentant de nombreuses similitudes avec l anathème des Églises catholique et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • herem — Seph. /khe rddem/; Ashk. /khay rddeuhm/, n. Hebrew. the most severe form of excommunication, formerly used by rabbis in sentencing wrongdoers, usually for an indefinite period of time. Also, cherem. [herem lit., banishment] * * * …   Universalium

  • ḤEREM SETAM — (roughly translated as anonymous ban or imprecation ), a geonic innovation that gained wide acceptance in later rabbinic literature, particularly in Spain and North Africa, although it was more sparsely used in Franco Germany as well. It served… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤEREM BET DIN — (Heb. חֵרֶם בֵּית דִּין, ban of the court ), the shortened and accepted form of ḥerem bet din ha gadol. This was the social and legal concept and takkanah originally prevailing in Western and Central Europe that gave to the court of the local… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤEREM HA-YISHUV — (Heb. חֵרֶם הַיִּשּׁוּב, ban on settlement ), the concept, takkanah, and institutions pertaining to the corporate right of regulating settlement in many communities which existed in certain countries in the Middle Ages and early modern times.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • heremægen — heremægen2 n ( es/ ) warlike force, multitude …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • ḤEREM HA-IKKUL — (Heb. חֵרֶם הָעִקּוּל, ban on confiscation ), a prohibition against a person retaining an article entrusted to him as a bailee even though he has a subsequent claim against its owner. Because of the dangers of medieval travel, and the consequent… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Herem — terrain communal Basque …   Glossaire des noms topographiques en France

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